Tourism Management Planning

The great complexity of tourism, in particular, if seen in close relation with biodiversity conservation, makes tourism management planning a very challenging task. The involvement of many different stakeholders in the planning process is crucial if the plan is to be successfully adopted and implemented. Further, sustainable tourism has to be based on local resources and capacities. These local resources include assets directly linked to tourism, such as accommodation or tourism offers as well as natural and cultural assets, agriculture, infrastructure and human resources that are indirectly related. The coordination of these factors is not an easy task and the establishment of cooperation between all stakeholders needs sufficient time.

The main dimensions of tourism management/planning are vision, common goals, and active development strategies, made applicable by compilation into a tourism management plan (TMP). Such a TMP is a written, approved document, which describes the possible threats and opportunities of tourism development within the destination. Based on detailed information about the local environmental, social, cultural, political and legal aspects, it helps the local stakeholders to identify a common vision for tourism development which covers a certain period of time and describes the work which has to be completed to make the vision a reality. It should be recognized, understood and supported by all relevant stakeholders, preferably in a consensual process. A TMP provides the framework to develop follow-up projects and to guide investments in the model sites. It also establishes control measures to monitor tourism activities. The Tourism Management Plans (TMPs) have been developed for three project sites in Thailand and Indonesia.